New manuscripts have been added to our growing searchable library, as we continue working to make the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts's (CSNTM) website more comprehensive and user-friendly.
Included in this week’s release is a recently digitized manuscript from the National Library of Greece (NLG), the site of our ongoing digitization project for 2015–2016. GA 758 is a medieval minuscule of the Gospels on parchment, dating from the fourteenth century.
As many New Testament students know, one of the two longest textual problems in NT textual criticism is the pericope adulterae (John 7.53–8.11). Throughout his first-hand investigations of the NLG manuscripts, Dr. Daniel B. Wallace has often noted how each manuscript has dealt with this passage. Sometimes, the original scribe has omitted it, whereas a later scribe has added it. Other times, the text was originally included and then noted as doubtful by a later hand. In some manuscripts, the text stands alone with no notations at all.
Notice the horizontal dashes in the margin on these two pages.
Some scribe (either the original one or a later scribe), upon seeing that this passage was included in John’s Gospel, put markings in the margins to denote its disputed status. However, the markings only cover John 8.3–11, leaving 7.53–8.2 unmarked.
As you scroll through the images of GA 758, you may notice some extensive text out in the margins on a few leaves. Below you will see two instances of this from the Gospel of Matthew.
These marginal writings are instances where the scribe accidentally omitted text, and it was later added in the margins. As careful as medieval scribes were, they were still human and made mistakes! This is why it was a vital part of the process to check each scribe’s work for accuracy.
Gospel Authors & Co.
Another interesting feature of GA 758 is its icons. It was common in the medieval tradition to include icons of the Gospel authors at the beginning of their respective Gospel account. However, in this manuscript, each Gospel author has some company!
Mark (top right) is with Peter, and Luke (bottom left) is sitting in front of Paul. These pairings date back to ancient Christian tradition, which identifies Peter as the primary source for Mark and Paul as the apostle most associated with Luke. It’s almost as if the apostles are whispering in their ears. Matthew (top left) is depicted, not with a human companion, but with the Angel of the Lord behind him as he writes. Finally, John’s icon (bottom right) shows him dictating his text to an amanuensis (a professional scribe) named Prochoros. This last icon with these two people in view is the only one that was common in the manuscripts.
In addition to this manuscript from the NLG, we have also uploaded and tagged additional manuscripts from our archives.
These images have now become part of our growing searchable library, which gives everyone free access to the best available digital images of New Testament manuscripts.
Dr. Daniel B. Wallace, Executive Director of the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts, at Texas, USA, will give a lecture at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Theology, Department of Social Theology, on Thursday, 19 May 2016, at the invitation of the President of the Department of Social Theology, Professor Sotirios Despotis, and Lecturer Dr. Athanasios Antonopoulos.
The Lecture: The Digitization of New Testament Manuscripts’ Project at the National Library of Athens.
The meeting has now been moved off-campus. It will be held at the Pastoral Training Foundation’s Multimedia Room, Archdiocese of Athens Headquarters.
New manuscripts have been added to our growing searchable library, as we continue working to make the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (CSNTM) website more comprehensive and user-friendly.
Today’s release includes GA 2932, the newest manuscript discovery added to the Gregory-Aland catalogue at INTF. This manuscript is a single leaf from a 10th century minuscule of the Gospels, containing John 10:18–31. The manuscript is housed at Yale University’s Beinecke Library, and further information about it can be found here.
This update also includes several previously released manuscripts, which have now been fully tagged. This means that any verse present in the manuscript can be found instantly. The fully tagged manuscripts are all from the National Library of Greece (NLG), the site of CSNTM’s ongoing digitization project. These include:
Today, we are also releasing several manuscripts from our archives into our digital library. The beginning of each biblical book and the major features have been tagged. Please note that most of these images are from microfilm. These manuscripts include:
One particularly beautiful MS is GA 11, a twelfth century minuscule of the Gospels housed at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. Shown below is an ornate and colorful headpiece for the Gospel of Luke, which exemplifies the beautiful artistry in this manuscript.
More information about the manuscript can be found here.
All of these images have now become part of our growing searchable library, which gives everyone free access to the best available digital images of New Testament manuscripts.
Dr. Daniel B. Wallace, Executive Director of the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (CSNTM), will be giving a lecture in Athens regarding the Center's ongoing digitization project at the National Library of Greece. The lecture will be held at the University of Athens' School of Theology in May 2016. For further information, please see below:
Host: The President of the Department of Social Theology at the University of Athens/School of Theology, Professor Sotirios Despotis, and the Lecturer Dr. Athanasios Antonopoulos.
Lecture Topic: The Digitization of New Testament Manuscripts Project at the National Library of Athens
Date and Time: Thursday, May 19, 2016, at 11:00am.
Place: Multimedia Room, 2nd Floor, School of Theology, University Campus, Ano Ilisia, Athens.
For more information, please contact: Dr. Athanasios Antonopoulos by email.
The Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (CSNTM) is excited to announce that during a brief trip to Athens in March they were able to digitize an astounding 16,000 images of pages in 29 manuscripts! CSNTM’s Research Manager, Robert Marcello, led the seven-person team, including David and Marcy Long, Jacob Peterson, Stratton Ladewig, Andrew Patton, and David Smith. Under his leadership, they made significant headway on the project at the National Library of Greece. Every team member worked hard to digitally preserve these manuscripts with precision while caring for the codices themselves.
While the teams were working, CSNTM’s Executive Director, Dr. Daniel B. Wallace, and current intern, Kyle Fischer, discovered three New Testament manuscripts that were unknown to western scholars. Dr. Wallace wrote about these unique discoveries in Athens Update (Part 1). They also prepared scores of manuscripts for digitization. These discoveries were digitized and will be added to CSNTM’s library in the coming months.
Altogether, the Center’s teams have digitized 69% of the New Testament manuscripts in the National Library’s collection. They look forward to finishing the project later in 2016. It will take many committed people to fully fund the digitization of this important collection. If you would like to partner with CSNTM to complete this project at the National Library of Greece, visit http://www.csntm.org/donate.